In today’s complex and volatile world the consequences of relying on fraudulent and counterfeit Hadith to legitimise extremist behaviour, issue. Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria. Remember me, or Register. Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria. JB Yusuf. Abstract. No Abstract. readers into further exploration of the original. Dr. Israr Ahmad Khan’s Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the. Criteria was published in complete form in
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Then the soul is breathed into his authenticafion. He places commas as he deems fit. According to this criteria, the traditions mentioned in Kitab al-Qadar are conceivably sound.
In this situation well-known Sunnah and Hadith, as well as the Quran, could be used to determine the nature of other traditions supposedly related by the Prophet. This evokes the question of what citation style he used. The second category is criticised particularly strongly:. Redefining crietria Criteria by Israr Ahmad Khan. According to this tradition, man is not free to think, choose and act, but bound only to do that which has already been fixed by the Creator.
The author reminds us just how much of an industry there was in the fabrication of Hadith and enumerates eight particular causal factors which are elaborated upon in the text:. Skip to main content.
Debate over a fore-written destiny has existed in the Muslim world since the first Islamic century. The contribution of Muslim scholars to the authentication of Hadith The author begins by explaining in more detail how the chain of transmission is evaluated and gives further background on the two most important Hadith collectors, al-Bukhari and Muslim. References to problems contained in the texts of some of the traditions recorded in authentic Hadith works, including al-Bukhari and Muslim, have been made in places.
The first of these is quoted as follows: Many scholars have tried to interpret these traditions in one way or another and these interpretations are available in well-known commentaries on Sahih al-Bukhari.
From his discussion it appears that most of these traditions in any event have defective chains of narrators but the author points out emphatically that the text of the traditions itself is sufficient to make it clear that they are lies attributed to the Prophet. His conclusion in that chapter is much more robust than his conclusion on the same Hadith in this chapter on predestination.
In addition, given the widespread anti-Islamic sentiment currently dominating mainstream discourse, it is imperative that the issue of fabricated ahadithextensively publicised and ruthlessly exploited to support the thesis of Islamic violence and backwardness, is addressed.
Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria – IIIT
For this reviewer, however, the following questions arise for consideration: The book critetia quite short and easy to read, being less than pages, with just eight chapters after the Foreword and Introduction:. It is here that the science of maqasid al-shariahor the higher intents and purposes of Islamic law, comes into its own as the heart and philosophy of Islamic Law.
If any component of the bayan i.
Out of eight reports narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah only one mentions the deduction of two carats of good deeds, whereas the remaining seven put the deduction to only one carat. While the latter has often been the case, the author over generalizes the former creating the impression that the generality of Muslims accepts traditions merely on the basis of faultless chain of narrators.
The Prophet had said: The author goes on to give a number of specific examples of Hadith which conflict with the Quran and which therefore must be rejected. The book is very clearly written, short, and easy to read. If the latter is yes, did the prophet order its exclusion?
If this Hadith is considered authentic, then the Quranic statement proves meaningless. Hadith literature contains many historical accounts including subject matter that in one way or another often deals with history.
Al-Jami al-Sahih has exerted great influence on the Muslim mind, and the work is widely read and referred to throughout the Muslim world as a source of Islamic law. The author also includes in this introduction an explanation why chapter eight stands alone.
Khan traces the chronology of and reasons for hadith forgery.
Authentication of Hadith Redefining the Criteria
The author goes on to give a number of examples where leading Muslims from the early generations rejected purported criteri because they contradicted other more reliable traditions. As I felt somewhat dissatisfied with the interpretations made by the great scholars I began more serious research on the authenticity of Hadith from the point of view of its text.
If they turn away, we have not sent you as a guard over them: The second category is criticised particularly strongly: Despite this, for Khan, it is possible that some traditions regarded as genuine merely due to their isnad may not be genuine in textual outlook.
According to this tradition the Prophet said:. He who created death and life, that He might test you, as to which of you is best in deed. Then Allah sends an angel to write four words: Sometimes, perceived surnames come crlteria, while other times it is popular names. As such this is one of the main factors behind Muslim backwardness and decline in virtually every field of life including the religious and spiritual. As such, notes the author, any hadith which seems to go against the Quran must be examined carefully and accurately, and if no interpretation to resolve the contradiction found, it is to be rejected.
Authentication of Hadith Redefining the Criteria
So a man may do deeds characteristic of the people of the [Hell] Fire, so much so that there is only the distance of a cubit between him and Hell, and then what has been written [by the angel] surpasses, and so he starts doing deeds characteristic of the people of Paradise and enters Paradise. This reinterpretation is based on a so far untouched methodology that is not applied by Hadith commentators.
He goes on to discuss how these commentators have grappled with the meaning of these 27 traditions, stating that the methodologies followed by all of them are very similar:. One realizes at this point that most commentators take for granted that traditions in their hands, by the honesty and, perhaps, the extent of criticalness of the compilers, are unconditionally genuine.
When she died, they realised that the meaning of the longest hand was the one most generous in charity, as she loved charity work very much.