Definisi pap smear • Pap Test adalah pemeriksaan sitologik epitel porsio dan endoserviks uteri untuk penentuan adanya perubahan praganas maupun ganas di. Is obtaining sample of exfoliated cell (dead cells that are shed) @ simple test to look at cervical cells The specimen should be obtained 2. determinants of Pap smear utilization for cervical cancer early detection in women of reproductive age using path analysis model. Subjects and Method: This.

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The developments of cervical cancer include light dysplasia 5 yearsmedium dysplasia 3 yearsand dwfinisi dysplasia 1 year to become cancerous stadium 0. If it becomes troublesome to the patient, it can be treated by discontinuing oral contraceptives, cryotherapy treatment, or by using ablation treatment under local anaesthetic. Radiotherapy is the use of high-powered X-rays that can be done internally and externally Tyagi, Pap Smear dapat mengesan peringkat awal sebelum kanser itu terjadi.

But before these cells become cancer cellsthere are some changes experienced by these cells.

Through this aperture, the cervical deefinisi communicates with that of the vagina. If there is bleeding after sexual activity or between menstrual periods occur and the discharge occurs it must be done immediately to skear doctor examination.

Because of this, LSIL results can be managed with a simple “watch and wait” philosophy. Posterior half of uterus and upper part of vagina.


It may be found incidentally when a vaginal examination or pap smear test is done.


Germinal epithelium Tunica albuginea cortex Smearr oophorus Stroma Medulla. The cervical canal is the spindle-shaped, flattened canal of the cervixthe neck of the uterus. By using this site, you agree to fefinisi Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The second thing is to report symptoms such as abnormal bleeding, especially after coitus intercourse.

American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology. Ujian ini boleh dilakukan pada bila-bila masa, kecuali pada masa haid dan nifas. Jika tidak dirawat, ia boleh membawa kepada kanser serviks.

Cervical ectropion

Fossa of vestibule of vagina Vaginal fornix Hymen Vaginal rugae Support structures Vaginal epithelium. In post-partum erosion, observation and re-examination are necessary for 3 months after labour.

Retrieved from ” https: Conn’s Current Therapy1st Edition. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The external orifice is bounded by dfeinisi lips, an anterior and a posterior. The external orifice of the uterus is a small, depressed, somewhat circular opening on the rounded extremity of the cervixopening to the vagina. The growth of the cancer is still confined to the cervix. Sirihan Piper aduncum L.

Incervical cancer cases are still in the first level the incidence of cancer in Indonesia. Sekip Utara Yogyakarta Email: Encyclopedia of Anticancer Plant. According to sources obtained, women who have cancer is intensified by their habit to smoke Anonim, Adenocarcinoma can arise from the endocervix, endometrium and extrauterine sites. Anonim, c, it develops, http: Adnexa Ovaries Follicles corpus hemorrhagicum luteum albicans Theca of follicle externa interna Follicular antrum Follicular fluid Corona radiata Zona pellucida Membrana granulosa Perivitelline space.


Gartner’s duct Epoophoron Vesicular appendages of epoophoron Paroophoron. Other methods include cryotherapycautery, or laser ablation, but none are performed on pregnant women for fear of disrupting the pregnancy.

Definisi: smear test, Arti Kata: smear test

Retrieved from ” https: The change is not a normal thingand a thorough examination should be done even if just doing a Pap smear test. As most endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas, differentiation of endocervical adenocarcinoma and endometrial adenocarcinomas is required, as the treatment differs.

Atypia or Deefinisi Atypia. The invasive potential of carcinoma in situ of the cervix. If the E6 and E7 oncogene expression is inhibitedthe tumor suppressor proteins p53 and retinoblastoma active and cervical cancer cells undergo senescence which then leads to apoptosis Horner et al. Biopsy correlates of abnormal cervical cytology edfinisi using the Bethesda system. Usually no treatment is indicated for clinically asymptomatic cervical ectropions.

It is usually diagnosed following a Pap test.

Protein E7 can inhibit p21 and p27 Fehrman, Kanser serviks adalah keadaan apabila sel di serviks bertindak secara tidak normal dan berkembang menjadi kanser.

It is then exposed to the acidic environment of the vagina and, through a process of squamous metaplasiatransforms into stratified squamous epithelium.